How to Choose a Wood Stove or Pellet Stove
So, you’ve read up on the cost-saving benefits of wood or pellet stoves or fireplace inserts – everything from the savings on fuel to the federal tax credits for up to 30% the cost of your stove. Now you’re ready to install a wood stove or pellet stove in your home.
Except, now you’re wondering, how do I choose which stove brand and model is right for my home and lifestyle? Well, don’t pull out your wallet quite yet – there’s still quite a bit to consider.
Because this is probably being installed in a very public place in your house, you may start thinking bout aesthetics first. First off, you aren’t going to have a lot different choices – you’ll find modern and traditional looking stoves that come in porcelain, black steel or cast iron. Most are pretty attractive and will fit with your home decor like jeans match every shirt you own.
Secondly, before you start thinking of your stove as a pretty home accessory, you should narrow your search down by thinking about the following:
How much area do I want to heat with my heating stove?
Do I want a wood or pellet burning stove? (more info on that here)
Do I want a free-standing stove or fireplace insert?
What brands does the stove shop/service center near me sell and service?
Let’s take them on one at a time:
How Many BTUs Do I Need to Heat My Home?
First thing’s first: you need to determine how many BTUs (British Thermal Units) your stove needs to spit out per hour to keep you warm.
Determining how many BTUs is actually incredibly complicated, and depends on a variety of factors:
What’s the climate where you live?
Does your home have an open layout, or is closed off with multiple floors and rooms?
How many square feet of space are you trying to heat?
Does your home have poor, decent, or excellent insulation?
The layout of your home and the level of insulation you have are variable factors that will need to be addressed on an individual basis, and your local stove shop can help you determine what you need to overcome any obstacles.
But if you’re looking for a rough estimate of how many BTUs you need, here’s a quick guide that assumes you have at least decent insulation and a relatively open floorplan. View the map above for reference:
Red: 30 – 35 BTUs/sq. ft.
Orange: 35 – 40 BTUs/sq. ft.
Yellow: 40 – 45 BTUs/sq. ft.
Green: 45 – 50 BTUs/sq. ft.
Blue: 50 – 55 BTUs/sq. ft.
And to make things even easier, here’s a chart that assumes you live in the green zone indicated above. And if your local shop doesn’t have these particular stoves, or you would prefer a fireplace insert, just ask about an equivalent. These are the two largest brands in the business, so it shouldn’t be difficult for a local retailer to help you find something similar.
Average Cost of Wood or Pellet Stove Installation
Wood or Pellet stoves aren’t cheap, but that upfront cost is an investment in long term savings, and an investment in an eco-friendly fuel source. Keep in mind when you’re researching stoves on the web, the prices you’re finding are just the base price, and don’t include things like pipe, accessories, or labor.
Good quality wood or pellet stoves will range from $1,400 for the smaller, less powerful models to upwards of $4,000 for the powerhouse XXVs or Mt. Vernons. The prettier and hotter you want your stove to be, the more the unit is going to cost you. Then you may need to buy the accessories:
Pipe: 3″ stainless or flex-pipe for most pellet stoves, 6″ stove pipe for wood stoves. Cost will be determined by how complicated your installation is, how much pipe/parts you need, and how far it is from the stove to the vent.
Stove accessories: You may legally need a heat-resistant hearth for your stove, a heat shield for the wall behind it, or, if you’re purchasing a fireplace insert, panels to cover the gaps between your stove and your firebox.
Optional wiring – it is possible to hardwire your stove into your home instead of just plugging it in, but it’s could cost a pretty penny to set up that kind of convenience..
Installations, with pipe, will generally cost you about $1,000, not including any special items like hearths or complicated vent installations. So when you’re budgeting for your wood or pellet stove, you’ll be looking at anywhere from $3,000 – $5,500+.
Should I Buy a Freestanding Stove or a Fireplace Insert
The nice thing about fireplace inserts – or stoves that fit directly into the fireplace in your home – is that they’re out of the way, there’s generally already a heat-resistant heart around the fireplace, and you don’t have to cut any holes in your house to vent the stove exhaust. Generally, fireplace inserts are a bit more expensive, and they do require that you pull the unit out of the fireplace once a year during its cleaning (you’ll probably have your local stove shop doing this anyway, but its worth noting that extra effort).
But you can’t just throw an insert to a fireplace without considering the a couple of things::
The size and state of your flue -for wood stoves, the pipe will need to run up your flue will be at least 6″ in diameter If your tile inside the flue is in disrepair, or if the flue is especially small or dirty, you may not be able to use it. Also know that if you have an especially tall chimney on a multi-story house, you may have draft issues, or gravity may prevent your stove from venting correctly through the chimney.
The size of your actual fireplace – if your fireplace is ostentatiously large or extremely small, then the actual stove unit may not fit in there. If your firebox has an unusually shaped opening, then you might wind up paying more to have the hardware custom cut.
Should I Buy a Stove From Home Depot, Lowes or Online?
If you’re on a budget, you may be looking for an affordable, off-brand alternative to the big name pellet and wood stove brands, whose units can cost upwards of $4,000. And while there’s nothing really wrong with buying your stove from a national retailer or from an online source, you may be putting yourself in an tough position.
Pellet and wood stoves need to be installed properly. Local stove shops often won’t install stoves that didn’t come from them, sometimes because their insurance won’t allow them to, sometimes because the liability is more than they are willing to take on.
Your heating stove also needs to be serviced every year, even if it’s working perfectly. Fans need to be taken out and cleaned, the firebox needs to be scraped and scrubbed, and don’t forget – it’s a machine, so parts break. And, again, local stove shops often can’t or won’t work on stoves that didn’t come from them because they can’t speak to their safety.
Finally, heating a home with a wood or pellet burning heating source is a science, and it’s different for every floorplan layout. Troubleshooting a problem in your home can be a process that requires having one person or team tweaking the setup for a while. You aren’t going to get that from a national chain hardware store.
So if you aren’t necessarily handy, or you’re not confident in your ability to troubleshoot air flow problems, I’d recommend finding yourself a local specialty stove shop that can guarantee you proper installation and ongoing service and support.